What is a wisdom tooth?
Well, wisdom tooth appear late in life, much later than your other teeth. While most teeth appear in childhood, the 3rd molar come at an age when you are much wiser.Firstly, Wisdom teeth are the third and final set of molars you get in the late teens or early twenties. On the other hand, these teeth can be a great asset if healthy and properly aligned. Moreover, most of the time, these molars necessitates removal because of their misaligned position. Sometimes your wisdom teeth position themselves horizontally. Their angulations are sometimes away or towards the second molars. However, If wisdom teeth are poorly aligned, they could crowd or damage the adjacent teeth, jawbone or even the nerves.
Many a time, we find a third molar enclosed within the jawbone and may only partially erupt through your gums. This means bacteria can easily enter the area and cause an infection. Consequently, You suffer jaw stiffness, swelling, and pain. The location is hard to reach, making brushing and flossing difficult.
Can Wisdom Teeth Damage Other Teeth?
The impacted third molars can damage other teeth and cause dental problems. Hence, Wisdom teeth are hard to clean and are vulnerable to decay. You suffer gum disease and could lose other teeth. Thus the last molar may only erupt partially. Consequently, Food particles get stuck in gum pockets leading to bacterial growth. The gum pockets become inflamed and you suffer gum infection. So other teeth are vulnerable, and you may lose them. Third molars become impacted when there’s not enough room for them to develop normally. This may happen when your mouth is too crowded for third molars to develop.
How Can A Wisdom Tooth Damage Its Adjacent teeth?
- The third molar may grow at an angle, damaging other teeth.
- They could even grow at a right angle to other teeth.
- If your third molar pushes against the second molar, it could damage it. This causes an infection in that area.
- Moreover, The pressure that exerts on other teeth causes crowding and you might require orthodontic treatment, to straighten crooked teeth.
- Your 3rd Molar develops in a sac within the jawbone. This sac could fill with fluid, resulting in a cyst. The cyst damages the jawbone and other teeth.
- Partially erupted (impacted) 3rd Molar is difficult to clean and becomes a magnet for bacteria. Consequently, cavities are formed and other teeth get damaged.
- These teeth are particularly prone to a dental abscess. If it is not treated, the infection spreads through the bone and damages your adjacent teeth.
- As it tries to erupt exerts pressure on other teeth. This results in dental crowding and damage to other teeth.
- A semi-erupted 3rd Molar is like a time bomb. You don’t know when it will explode and damage other teeth.
How do I know if I have wisdom teeth?
It’s difficult to detect wisdom teeth if they have not in an impacted position. (Impacted means the third molar has not completely erupted through your gums). Afterward, The dentist would take an X-ray to check the alignment of your wisdom teeth. This helps him find the location of the impacted wisdom tooth.
Make an appointment with the dentist if:
- You have red color and swollen gums
- Bleeding gums and jaw pain
- Bad breath and an unpleasant taste in the mouth
- There’s swelling around the jaw and difficulty opening your mouth.
Why do I get wisdom teeth?
To begin with, Wisdom teeth are the last permanent teeth to erupt. There’s often no room in your mouth to accommodate these teeth. In the case of an impacted teeth position, you can find swelling and tenderness in the third molar area.
Above all, Your dentist might recommend the removal of the third molar if it doesn’t fully emerge. In particular, the dentist removes the wisdom teeth if it crowds other teeth, fails to erupt through the gums or there’s a risk of infection.
Wisdom tooth extraction
Do you know how are wisdom teeth removed? Your dentist administers local anesthesia with an injection near the site of the extraction. For this reason, you might feel some pressure during extraction, but there’s very little pain.
- The dentist makes an incision in the gum tissue and exposes the impacted area and also the bone.
- He then removes the bone which blocks access to the wisdom tooth root.
- Afterward, Sections are made, as it makes it easy to remove it in pieces.
- The dentist removes the wisdom tooth and cleans the area of any bone debris.
- Stitches after the surgical extraction help in fast healing.
- The dentist places gauze over the extraction site and asks you to bite down softly. This limits the bleeding. If you suffer prolonged pain, swelling, bleeding or fever after extraction.
What happens if I wait too long to get wisdom teeth out?
The 3rd Molar with no place to erupt in your mouth causes problems. You suffer severe pain, gum infection, periodontal disease, decay, damage to nearby teeth or even the surrounding bone, development of a cyst and complications. Thus with orthodontic treatment when you straighten other teeth.
Moreover, This area is difficult to clean and food particles or plaque cause infection under the gum tissue flap. As A result, this causes a dental infection called pericoronitis. You suffer swollen and red gums. There are a bad taste and smell in the mouth, pus near the gum and swelling on the affected side of the face.
Treatment after wisdom tooth removal
The wound after oral surgery may take months to heal. You could still develop an infection and must be careful. Rinse your mouth with saltwater and don’t spit out the water. Gently open your mouth over the basin and let the waterfall out. Don’t eat hard, spicy or chewy foods which could irritate the wound.
In addition, you must avoid activities which could dislodge the stitches or blood clot which forms over the wound after the surgical procedure. Avoid smoking for at least 3 days after the surgery, strenuous exercise and even drinking from a straw. The blood clot over the wound protects and heals it. In case of a disrupted blood clot called a dry socket, you could suffer pain and there’s a chance of gum infection. Read the effects of smoking on dental health.
All pain and bleeding go after a week of oral surgery. Contact the dentist immediately if you have trouble swallowing, severe swelling of gums, blood coming from the nose, medication not being effective or if the bleeding doesn’t stop when you hold gauze to it.
Is it normal for wisdom teeth to cause swelling in the gum?
It’s normal to have gum swelling and feel some discomfort when your wisdom teeth break through gums. However, the wisdom tooth may only emerge partially causing food particles and bacteria to get stuck in the tissue of the gum flap. It may result in tooth decay and severe gum swelling. Your dentist may recommend extracting the wisdom tooth to prevent gum infection and damage to other teeth.
However, wisdom teeth that are healthy and in the proper position do not cause major gum swelling. If your wisdom teeth have erupted partially or at an angle, food particles trapped in the gum flap may cause a cyst. It can damage your jawbone and tooth roots.
Can wisdom teeth cause earache and headache?
Your wisdom teeth may cause problems if there isn’t enough space for them to come through the gums. It could result in wisdom tooth partially erupting or coming at an angle through your gums. It may result in crowding of teeth, gum swelling, and other problems. You may have difficulty opening your mouth, pain in the jaw, and earaches.
Crowding of teeth may cause your other teeth to shift resulting in an improper bite. It may lead to TMJ disorder where there is stress on the temporomandibular joint. You could suffer an intense headache and earaches.
If your wisdom tooth does not come through your gums, you may suffer from earache and swollen gums. A partially erupted wisdom tooth may collect food particles and plaque. You suffer an infection called pericoronitis where bacteria get trapped in the space between gums and impacted wisdom teeth. You may suffer a severe headache, bleeding gums, earache, and other problems
With a wisdom tooth, it's not the cost. It’s the relief from the pain. At Diva Dental Clinics Bangalore the consultation is free and you pay only for the procedure. Get an estimate on the cost, before the surgical extraction. The dentist must be pocket-friendly, while not compromising on the quality of treatment.
Removing an impacted wisdom tooth should cost around Rs 3000-4000. This is very affordable and value for money. Thus, Don’t delay the removal of an impacted wisdom tooth, just because of the money. The cost of surgical extraction of the wisdom tooth depends on the position of the impacted tooth. Finally, If you select a good dentist in Bangalore the procedure is painless and you enjoy a speedy recovery.