Dental Pain occurs from inflammation of the central portion of the tooth called pulp. The pulp contains nerve endings that are very sensitive to pain. Especially, Inflammation to the pulp or pulpitis may be caused by dental cavities, trauma, and infection. Referred pain from the jaw may cause you to have symptoms of a toothache. Dental (tooth) infection, decay, injury, or loss of a tooth are the most common causes of dental pain. Pain may also occur after an extraction. Pain sometimes originates from other areas and radiates to the jaw, thus appearing to be tooth pain. Moreover, The most common areas include the jaw joint.
What is the best painkiller for a toothache?
Anti-inflammatory analgesics such as Ibuprofen are the best for tooth pain. If you can’t take them – if you are allergic to aspirin, for example – then paracetamol is the next best thing
Proven Ways to Stop a Toothache and Relieve Pain Fast
Apply a cold pack or bag of frozen vegetables to the side of your face.
Taking anti-inflammatory medication, such as ibuprofen.
Rinse your mouth with warm salt water.
Apply a hot pack to the side of your jaw.
Acupressure may be able to reduce toothache pain by causing the body to release endorphins.
Tooth Pain Causes
Tooth pain, is usually caused by problems with the teeth or jaws. The degree of tooth pain can range from mildly annoying to excruciatingly painful. The treatments for tooth pain may be as simple as improving your oral health care routine, or as complicated as oral surgery. The dental causes of tooth pain fall into several categories:
Dental Causes of Tooth Pain
Tooth Damage: Damage to the tooth is a common cause of tooth pain. For example, teeth that are chipped or broken due to trauma can cause tooth pain. Similarly, a broken or damaged filling, crown, or dental implant can contribute to tooth pain.
Tooth Decay: Tooth decay is one of the most common causes of tooth pain, and it has several degrees of severity. Cavities are holes in the teeth that penetrate the tooth enamel and underlying dentin and which can lead to tooth pain. Abscess, which is an infection of the nerve and pulp inside the tooth, is a more severe form of tooth pain.
Gum Disease: The symptoms of gum disease (periodontal disease) include redness and swelling of the gums, but these symptoms can contribute to tooth pain, as well as gum pain. Dental pain from gingivitis may occur when plaque buildup causes the gums to become red and swollen. Periodontitis can occur when gingivitis is left untreated, and the inner layer of the gums pulls away from the teeth, forming pockets that collect food debris and bacteria.
Non-Dental Causes of Tooth Pain
Some causes of tooth pain are not directly related to your teeth. If you rule out more obvious sources of tooth pain, your pain could be associated with any of the following conditions:
Sinus Pain Infection: Sinus infections can cause pain in teeth when the pressure of fluid-filled sinuses creates pain in the upper back corners of your mouth. If you regularly suffer from sinus infections, you may notice pain in teeth located near the sinus cavities. To manage pain in teeth associated with sinus pain, ask your doctor for advice about decongestants or other medications to relieve sinus pressure.
Cluster Headache: The exact cause of cluster headaches is unknown, but pressure from a cluster headache has been associated with tooth pain.
Heart Attack: Pain from a heart attack can radiate into the lower jaw.
Diabetes: If you have diabetes, uncontrolled blood sugar can increase your risk for tooth decay.
Viral Infections: Shingles is an example of a viral infection that can cause tooth pain.
Nerve Diseases: A condition called trigeminal neuralgia is associated with a sharp pain on one side of the face.
Drug Abuse: Methamphetamine abuse has been associated with tooth pain.
Vitamin Deficiency: Inadequate vitamin B12 has been associated with tooth pain.